© Khlobystov Alexey/Shutterstock.com
Who Invented the Internet?
What mostِ of usِ thinkِ ofِ asِ the Internet isِ really justِ the pretty face ofِ the operation—browser windows, websites, URLs, andِ search bars.
But theِ real Internet, theِ brain behindِ the information superhighway, isِ anِ intricate set ofِ protocols andِ rules thatِ someoneِ hadِ to develop beforeِ we couldِ get toِ theِ World Wide Web.
Computer scientists Vinton Cerf andِ Bob Kahn areِ credited withِ inventing theِ Internet communication protocols weِ useِ today andِ the system referred toِ asِ the Internet.
Before theِ current iteration ofِ the Internet, long-distance networking betweenِ computers wasِ firstِ accomplished inِ a 1969 experiment byِ two research teams atِ UCLA andِ Stanford.
The experiment wasِ alsoِ the firstِ test ofِ “packet switching,” a method ofِ transferring data betweenِ two computer systems.
Packet switching separates information intoِ smaller “packets” ofِ data thatِ areِ then transported across multiple differentِ channels andِ reassembled atِ their destination.
Cerf andِ Kahn developed a set ofِ guidelines forِ data transfer usingِ packet switching inِ 1980, calling thoseِ guidelines TCP/IP, orِ Transmission Control Protocol andِ Internet Protocol.
The TCP part ofِ the protocol isِ inِ charge ofِ packing theِ data beforeِ it moves across theِ network andِ unpacking itِ once itِ hasِ arrived.
The IP component acts asِ the trip coordinator andِ maps theِ movement ofِ information fromِ its start point toِ itsِ endِ point.