Obama’s Birth-Control Rule Will Help Prevent Accidental Pregnancies
In theِ United States, nearlyِ 50 percent ofِ pregnancies areِ unintended.
A newِ health care rule — whichِ stirred controversy due toِ itsِ implications forِ church-affiliated organizations’ coverage ofِ contraception — hasِ the potential toِ significantly reduce accidental pregnancies byِ increasing access toِ birth control, according toِ public health experts.
It willِ haveِ a huge effect, saidِ Diana Greene Foster ofِ the Bixby Center forِ Global Reproductive Health atِ the University ofِ California, San Francisco.
Reducing unintended pregnancies isِ a well-established public health goal.
They areِ associated withِ a variety ofِ health issues forِ bothِ mother andِ child fromِ maternal depression toِ birth defects.
The mostِ effective forms ofِ contraception areِ long-acting, likeِ intrauterine devices andِ implants thatِ areِ put underِ theِ skin.
Nowadays, mostِ American families wantِ twoِ children.
This means theِ average women willِ spend fiveِ years pregnant, recovering fromِ pregnancy orِ trying toِ becomeِ pregnant andِ three decades tryingِ toِ avoid becomingِ pregnant, according toِ theِ Guttmacher Institute.
A program inِ California demonstrates theِ potential benefit ofِ increasing access toِ contraception, according toِ Foster, whoِ isِ a demographer inِ UCSF’s department ofِ obstetrics, gynecology & reproductive services.
Why it happens
According toِ theِ Guttmacher Institute, justِ over halfِ (52 percent) ofِ unintended pregnancies result fromِ couples notِ using contraception, whileِ 43 percent result form incorrect orِ inconsistent use, andِ the remaining 5 percent result fromِ failure ofِ the method.
Between 2006 andِ 2008, women whoِ hadِ experienced unintended pregnancies saidِ they hadِ not usedِ birth control forِ the followingِ reasons: (The 842 women whoِ responded couldِ select moreِ than oneِ reason.) As theِ sizable percentage ofِ women whoِ sayِ they didn’tِ mind theِ prospect ofِ gettingِ pregnant demonstrates, there’sِ nuance hiding withinِ theِ term unintended pregnancy.
Researchers typically divide themِ intoِ two catagories: mistimed pregnancies, typically meaning theyِ happen tooِ soon, beforeِ a woman isِ ready, andِ unwanted, meaning theِ woman hasِ no desire toِ haveِ a child.