In Mental Illness, Women Internalize and Men Externalize
Women areِ more likelyِ to develop anxiety andِ mood disorders suchِ asِ depression, whileِ men’s mental health issues areِ more likelyِ to involve antisocial personality andِ substance abuse disorders, a newِ study says.
That’s becauseِ women areِ more likelyِ to internalize theirِ emotions, whichِ canِ bring onِ withdrawal, loneliness andِ depression, whereasِ men externalize them, becomingِ aggressive andِ impulsive, theِ researchers showed.
The results meanِ that mental illness prevention efforts thatِ focus onِ eachِ gender’s core psychological processes areِ likely toِ affect theِ development ofِ multiple disorders, theِ researchers wrote.
The study was published online Monday (Aug. 15) in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology.
Men and women
Researchers analyzed theِ answers toِ interview questions givenِ byِ 43,093 U.S.
population inِ the 2000 census, theِ researchers said.
When itِ cameِ to depression, 22.9 percent ofِ women saidِ they hadِ had theِ condition duringِ their lifetime; 13.1 percent ofِ men saidِ they had.
Different genders need different treatments
The findings show that prevention and treatment efforts should be gender-based, the researchers said.
In women, treatment mightِ focus onِ coping andِ cognitive skills toِ helpِ prevent rumination fromِ developing intoِ clinically significant depression orِ anxiety, saidِ study researcher Nicholas Eaton, ofِ the University ofِ Minnesota.
Past research alsoِ indicated thatِ women report moreِ neuroticism andِ more frequent stressful life events thanِ men doِ beforeِ the onset ofِ a disorder, indicating thatِ environmental stressors mayِ alsoِ contribute toِ internalizing, theِ report said.
The research alsoِ suggests thatِ the revision ofِ the psychiatry textbook theِ Diagnostic andِ Statistical Manual ofِ Mental Disorders (DSM) thatِ isِ now underِ way shouldِ take gender intoِ account whenِ defining psychiatric conditions, theِ researchers said.