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Are Probiotics Safe?
Question: Are probiotics safe?
The United Nations Food andِ Agricultural Organization andِ the World Health Organization call probiotics live microorganisms, which, whenِ administered inِ adequate amounts, confer a health benefit onِ the host.
Microorganisms orِ microbes areِ living organisms thatِ canِ beِ seen onlyِ under a microscope.
Most microbes belong toِ oneِ ofِ fourِ major groups: bacteria, viruses, fungi orِ protozoa.
Viruses contain the virus’s genes surrounded by a protein coat.
Most viruses cause disease.
There areِ millions ofِ types ofِ fungi, whichِ areِ primitive vegetables.
Some live inِ the human body, usuallyِ without causing illness.
Protozoa are single-cell animals. In humans, protozoa usually cause disease.
Probiotics isِ a term thatِ refers toِ foods orِ supplements thatِ containِ beneficial bacteria thatِ canِ help withِ digestion andِ defend againstِ dangerous bacteria.
Probiotics areِ in foods suchِ asِ yogurt andِ other dairy products, miso (soybean paste), tempeh (soybean cake) andِ some juices andِ soy drinks.
There areِ probiotics thatِ haveِ beenِ used forِ centuries.
Are probiotics safe?
Some live microbes haveِ a long history ofِ safe useِ asِ probiotics.
However, theِ safety ofِ probiotics hasِ not beenِ thoroughly studied scientifically.
More information isِ needed onِ the safety ofِ use inِ older people, young children, andِ people withِ compromised immune systems.
There is increasing scientific interest in probiotics.
Some researchers believe probiotics may improve general health.
There isِ evidence thatِ probiotics mayِ helpِ treat diarrhea, vaginal yeast infections, irritable bowel syndrome andِ inflammation followingِ colon surgery.There isِ alsoِ data toِ support theِ benefits ofِ probiotics inِ reducing bladder-cancer recurrence, shortening theِ duration ofِ intestinal infections andِ preventing eczema.
difficile (nicknamed C.
diff bacteria areِ omnipresent, butِ they don’tِ pose a threat unlessِ theyِ multiply abnormally inِ the intestines.This canِ happen whenِ you takeِ antibiotics.
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Fred Cicetti isِ a contributing writer forِ Live Science whoِ specializes inِ health.
He hasِ beenِ writing professionally sinceِ 1963.
Before heِ began freelancing, heِ was a reporter, rewriteman andِ columnist forِ three daily newspapers inِ New Jersey: The Newark News, Newark Star-Ledger andِ Morristown Record.